Marriage – Premarital Agreements – Georgia
19-3-62. “Marriage articles” defined; enforceable in equity; executed contracts distinguished.
(a) As used in this article, the term “marriage articles” means any antenuptial agreement between the parties to a marriage contemplating a future settlement upon one spouse. Marriage articles, whether by parol or in writing, may be executed and enforced by a court of equity at the instance of the spouse at any time during the life of the other spouse, so long as the rights of third persons, purchasers, or creditors, in good faith and without notice, are not affected thereby.
(b) An agreement perfect in itself which needs no future conveyance to effect its purposes is an executed contract and does not come under the definition of marriage articles.
19-3-63. Construction of marriage contract; attestation.
Every marriage contract in writing, made in contemplation of marriage, shall be liberally construed to carry into effect the intention of the parties and no want of form or technical expression shall invalidate the same. The contract must be attested by at least two witnesses.
19-3-64. Voluntary execution of antenuptial agreement; conveyance of property during marriage.
A spouse may voluntarily execute an agreement described in Code Section 19-3-62 or he may at any time during the marriage, either indirectly through trustees or directly to his spouse, convey any property to which he has title, subject to the rights of prior purchasers or creditors without notice.
19-3-66. In whose favor marriage contracts, postnuptial settlements, and marriage articles enforced.
Marriage contracts and postnuptial settlements shall be enforced at the instance of all persons in whose favor there are limitations of the estate. Marriage articles, as defined in subsection (a) of Code Section 19-3-62, shall be executed only at the instance of the parties to the contract and the offspring of the marriage and their heirs; but, when executed at their instance, the court may execute also in favor of other persons and volunteers.
19-3-67. Recordation of marriage contracts and voluntary settlements; effect of failure to record.
(a) Every marriage contract and every voluntary settlement made by one spouse with the other, whether or not in execution of marriage articles, shall be recorded in the office of the clerk of the superior court of the county of the residence of the spouse making the settlement within three months after the execution thereof. If such a contract or settlement is made in another state and the parties subsequently move into this state, the same shall be recorded within three months from the move. If the settled property is in this state and the parties reside in another state, the record shall be made in the county where the property is located within the time specified above.
(b) A contract or settlement which is not recorded as provided in subsection (a) of this Code section shall be of no force or effect against one who, bona fide and without notice, becomes a purchaser, creditor, or surety before the actual recording of the same.
19-3-68. Application for order compelling recordation; effect of application; liability of trustee refusing to record.
(a) If the trustee or the spouse having possession of a marriage contract or settlement fails or refuses to have the same recorded, the other spouse or any person acting on behalf of the spouse may apply to the judge of the superior court at any time for an order compelling its recordation. The application of the spouse or other person, when entered on the minutes of the superior court, shall be a notice equivalent to the record of the marriage contract or trust deed.
(b) A trustee refusing after demand to record a marriage contract or settlement shall be personally liable to his beneficiary for all damages sustained by reason of his failure to record.
Disclaimer: This law summary is not legal advice. If you are not an attorney, you should consult an attorney about serious legal matters.
Related Georgia Legal Forms
- Amendment to Prenuptial or Premarital Agreement
- Financial Statements only in Connection with Prenuptial Premarital Agreement
- Georgia Prenuptial Premarital Agreement with Financial Statements
- Georgia Prenuptial Premarital Agreement without Financial Statements
- Revocation of Premarital or Prenuptial Agreement